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Medical Decisions in the United States
In the United States, the right of parents to make decisions concerning their children's health has long been recognized, both culturally and legally, as paramount. Courts often side with parents who, for example, make medical decisions based on religious considerations. In extremely serious cases, though, the issue can get complicated. American courts have been known to override this precedent and allow treatment that defies parents' wishes. Such legal interventions are usually initiated under circumstances where there is a question about whether parents are making choices in the best interests of the child.
Given the sensitive nature of the issue, no matter how the courts rule, their decisions are by no means easy to reach. In a recent case, a court ruled that the actions of parents in refusing chemotherapy for their son's Hodgkin's lymphoma-when such treatment was expected to have a 90 percent success rate-were illegal.
The parents argued their religious beliefs dictated that alternative methods of healing be used, but the child's doctors argued such methods would almost certainly fail to cure an otherwise fatal disease. The court faced a further complication when making its decision, as medical ethics in the United States dictate that children participate in decisions involving pain. In the above case, the child was totally against the treatment. Nevertheless, children seldom have the long-term perspective of medical practitioners, and it was this that finally swayed the court.
In another contentious case, however, parents who belonged to the Christian Science Church, which believes faith and prayer are superior to conventional medical treatment, sued for the right to withhold chemotherapy for their child's Burkitt's lymphoma, an often fatal disease. The Supreme Court ruled with the parents, holding that statistically the recommended chemotherapy had only a 40 percent chance of success. When the likelihood of success is low and the prescribed treatment arduous, the courts are reluctant to order treatment. The implication of the court's ruling was that the state may well have prevailed if the medical treatment had carried a greater than 50 percent chance of success. 346ワード
The article discusses the complex issue of medical decisions involving children in the United States. While parents' rights to make decisions about their children's health are generally respected, there are cases where the courts intervene if there are concerns about the child's best interests.
The article presents two notable cases. In one case, parents refused chemotherapy for their son's Hodgkin's lymphoma based on religious beliefs, even though the treatment had a 90 percent success rate. The court ruled that the parents' decision was illegal, considering the potential harm to the child. The court also considered the child's opposition to the treatment, but ultimately prioritized the medical perspective over the child's wishes.
In another case, parents who belonged to the Christian Science Church, which emphasizes faith and prayer over medical treatment, sought to withhold chemotherapy for their child's Burkitt's lymphoma. The Supreme Court ruled in favor of the parents, citing the low success rate (40 percent) of the recommended chemotherapy and the arduous nature of the treatment. The implication is that if the treatment had a greater than 50 percent chance of success, the court might have ruled differently.
These cases demonstrate the complexity of balancing parental rights, religious beliefs, medical expertise, and the best interests of the child in medical decision-making. The courts must carefully consider all these factors before making a decision, as there is no easy resolution to such sensitive matters. 233ワード
The article discusses the complexities of medical decision-making in the United States regarding children's health. While parents' rights to make decisions for their children are generally respected, there are cases where courts intervene if the child's best interests are in question.
Courts in the US often support parents who base medical decisions on religious beliefs. However, in severe cases, the issue becomes more complicated. Legal interventions can occur when there are doubts about whether parents are acting in the child's best interest.
Reaching decisions in these cases is challenging due to the sensitive nature of the issue. In a recent case, a court declared it illegal for parents to refuse chemotherapy for their son's Hodgkin's lymphoma, despite the treatment having a 90 percent success rate. The parents cited religious beliefs and preferred alternative healing methods, but medical professionals argued that such methods would likely fail to cure the fatal disease. The court faced an additional complication as medical ethics involve children participating in decisions involving pain. Although the child opposed the treatment, the court ultimately prioritized the long-term perspective of medical practitioners over the child's wishes.
In another controversial case, parents belonging to the Christian Science Church, which favors faith and prayer over conventional medical treatment, sued for the right to withhold chemotherapy for their child's often fatal Burkitt's lymphoma. The Supreme Court sided with the parents, considering the recommended chemotherapy's low success rate of 40 percent and the challenging nature of the treatment. When the likelihood of success is low and the treatment is burdensome, courts are hesitant to mandate treatment. The court's ruling suggested that the state may have prevailed if the medical treatment had a success rate above 50 percent. 283ワード
The article discusses the significance of parental rights in making medical decisions for children in the United States. While courts generally support parents who base decisions on religious beliefs, there are instances where legal interventions occur when the child's best interests are in question. In one case, a court deemed it illegal for parents to refuse chemotherapy for their son's Hodgkin's lymphoma, despite its high success rate. Another case involved parents belonging to the Christian Science Church, who sought to withhold chemotherapy for their child's Burkitt's lymphoma. The Supreme Court ruled in favor of the parents due to the low success rate of the treatment. The article emphasizes the complexity and sensitivity of such decisions, which require careful consideration of various factors. 122ワード
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